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15b. Stocking Capacity
As you stock your pond with fish there is a general rule to follow as to numbers. Under normal water conditions, stocking capacity should be 1" of Comets, Shubunkins, and Goldfish for each 3-5 gallons of water. If you are keeping Koi, your stocking capacity will be reduced to 1/2" of fish for each 3-5 gallons of water.

Observe fish frequently for signs of distress and disease. Many factors influence the health of your fish, including proper feeding. We have listed some of the common disease problems you may encounter. Recommended treatments follow in Solution 15d. We have also included nutrition information and seasonal feeding schedules to ensure year-round health of your pond fish. Remember that your fish are trapped in the environment you create for them and you should take great care to make that environment healthy and safe.

Fish become stressed due to temperature changes, malnutrition, handling, or water condition problems. During periods of stress, fish often become more susceptible to disease. Pathogens that are always present may take control and cause illness in your fish. At the first signs of trouble, the following steps should be taken as a standard rule:

1) The first stage in treating stressed or diseased fish is the addition of AquaLife Complete. AquaLife Complete helps restore the fishes' natural slime coat. If thefish are still eating, a vitamin supplement such as Vita-Chem Freshwater BE2450 should be used.
Vita-Chem Freshwater
AquaLife Complete
2) Feed a good variety of nutritious foods
See All Koi Foods

Should disease problems arise in large ponds and it is feasible, quarantine fish away from the pond during treatment. This will prevent any disturbance in the pond's biological filter activity. Saltwater baths are commonly used as a treatment against disease but care must be exercised. Saltwater and medication baths are also an alternative if the fish in question can be caught easily. Dye treatments and higher levels of salt concentrations can affect plant growth. If treatment of fish is not feasible outside the pond, make sure the treatment is safe for the other plant and animal inhabitants of your pond.

•• We cannot be responsible for fish loss due to treatments outlined on this site.
We encourage you to buy healthy livestock from reputable dealers, observe fish carefully at regular intervals and test your water frequently for problems.
Prevention is always your first line of defense against disease. •• 
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